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   Home      Plant virus diseases in Hawaii
Known plant viruses and their hosts in Hawaii as of 2013 (July). Virus names are linked to photograph galleries depicting the typical disease symptoms, virus particles and vectors (note: This table was complied and assembled by Drs. Michael Melzer, Wayne Borth and Scot C. Nelson; this page is under construction and additional photographs will be added soon as they become available).

Virus family
Genus
Virus name
Primary host(s)
Botanical name
Alphaflexiviridae 
Potexvirus
Bamboo
Bambusa vulgaris
 
Potexvirus 
Orchids
Orchidaceae
Bromoviridae 
Cucumovirus 
Wide host range
 
Bunyaviridae 
Tospovirus 
Wide host range 
 
 
Tospovirus 
Waxflower
Hoya calycina
 
Unassigned 
Iris yellow spot virus 
Onion, ornamental flowers
Allium cepa L. 
Caulimoviridae 
Badnavirus
Pineapple bacilliform virus
Pineapple and bromeliads 
Ananas comosus  
 
Badnavirus 
Taro bacilliform virus 
Taro 
Colocasia esculenta  
Closteroviridae 
Ampelovirus 
Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus 1 [PDF]
Pineapple and bromeliads 
Ananas comosus 
 
Ampelovirus 
Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus 2 
Pineapple and bromeliads 
Ananas comosus 
 
Ampelovirus 
Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus 1 
Pineapple and bromeliads 
Ananas comosus 
 
Closterovirus 
Citrus and related Rutaceae 
Citrus sinensis 
 
Closterovirus 
Edible fig 
Ficus carica 
 
Unassigned 
Cordyline virus 1 
Ti 
Cordyline fruticosa 
 
Unassigned 
Cordyline virus 2 
Ti 
Cordyline fruticosa 
 
Unassigned 
Cordyline virus 3
Ti 
Cordyline fruticosa 
 
Unassigned 
Cordyline virus 4
Ti 
Cordyline fruticosa  
Geminiviridae 
Begomovirus
Abutilon (e.g., Lantern ilima)
Abutilon striatum;
Abutilon pictum
 
Begomovirus
Tomato, weeds 
Solanum lycopersicon
Luteoviridae
Polerovirus
Sugarcane, grasses
Saccharum officinale
Nanoviridae
Babuvirus
Banana 
Musa sp.
Potyviridae
Potyvirus
Banana, ginger
Musa sp.
Alpinia purpurata
 
Potyvirus
Bean common mosaic virus
Orchids
Orchidaceae
 
Potyvirus
Taro, Philodendron
Colocasia esculenta
 
Potyvirus
Corn 
Zea mays
 
Potyvirus
Papaya, cucurbits
Carica papaya
Cucurbitaceae
 
Potyvirus
Tomato
Solanum lycopersicon
 
Potyvirus
Wide host range
 
 
Potyvirus
Wide host range
 
 
Potyvirus
Turnip
Brassica rapa
 
Potyvirus
Orchids
Passionfruit
Orchidaceae
Passiflora edulis
 
Potyvirus
Cucurbits
Cucurbitaceae
Rhabdoviridae
Nucleorhabdovirus
Taro
Colocasia esculenta
Tombusviridae
Machlomovirus
Corn, weeds
Zea mays 
Virgaviridae
Tobamovirus
Orchids
Orchidaceae
 
Tobamovirus
Tobacco mosaic virus
Wide host range
 
Unassigned
Higrevirus
Hibiscus, citrus
Hibiscus arnottianus
 
Unassigned
Southern tomato virus
Tomato
Solanum lycopersicon
 
 
 
 
 
Phytoplasmas
 
Pathogen name
Disease name 
Hosts
Phytoplasma
 
Watercress yellows
Nasturtium officinale, composite weeds 
Phytoplasma
 
Dodonaea yellows
Dodonaea viscosa 


REFERENCES

Bergquist, R.R., and Ishii, M. 1974. Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus in Hawaii. Plant Disease Reporter 58 (6): 495-496.

Cho et al. 1989. A Multidisciplinary Approach to Management of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus in Hawaii. Plant Dis. 73 (5): 375-383.

Dietzen and Thomas. 1991. Purification, characterization and serological detection of virus-like particles associated with banana bunchy top disease in Australia. Journal of General Virology 72: 217-224.

Ferreira and Boley. 1992. Crop Knowledge Master. CTAHR website: http://www.extento.hawaii.edu/kbase/default.htm

Hu, et al. 1993. Detection of Cymbidium Mosaic Virus, Odontoglossum Ringspot Virus, Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus, and Potyviruses  Infecting Orchids in Hawaii. Plant Dis. 77 (5): 464-468.

Hu, et al. 1995. Purification, Host-range, Serology, and Partial Sequencig of Dendrobium Mosaic Potyvirus, A New Member of the Bean Common Mosaic-virus Subgroup. Phytopathology 85 (5) : 542-546.

Melzer, et al. 2001. Nucleotide sequence, genome organization and phylogenetic analysis of pineapple mealybug wilt-associated virus-2 J. Gen. Virol. 82:1-7.

Melzer, et al. 2006. Incidence and diversity of Citrus tristeza virus in Hawaii. Phytopathology 96 (6): S77-S77.

Melzer, et al. 2008. Complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of pineapple mealybug wilt-associated virus-1. Arch. Virol. 153 (4): 707-714.

Melzer, et al. 2010. First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Hawaii. Plant Dis. 94 (5): 641-641.

Melzer, et al. 2011.  An assemblage of closteroviruses infects Hawaiian ti (Cordyline fruticosa L.). Virus Genes 42 (2): 254-260.

Melzer et al. 2012a. First Report of Pepper mottle virus Infecting Tomato in Hawaii.  Plant Dis. 96 (6): 917-917.

Melzer, et al. 2012b. Characterization of a Virus Infecting Citrus volkameriana with Citrus Leprosis-Like Symptoms.  Phytopathology 102(1): 122-127.

Nelson and Borth. 2011. Bamboo Mosaic. CTAHR publication PD-76.

Schenck and Lehrer 2000. Factors Affecting the Transmission and Spread of Sugarcane yellow leaf virus.Plant Dis. 84 (10): 1085-1088.

Sether et al. 2009. Genome organization and phylogenetic relationship of Pineapple mealybug wilt associated virus-3 with family Closteroviridae members. Virus Genes 38 (3): 414-420.

Widely Prevalent Viruses of the United States. 2011. http://prevalentviruses.org/state.cfm?id=us_hi

Wu et al. 1996. Complete nucleotide sequence of a nonvector-transmissible strain of Abutilon mosaic geminivirus in Hawaii. Phytopathology 86 (6): 608-613 

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